1. Climate Crisis Awareness Resources Database Project, July 15, 2021- (13 months)

Even though the verbal and visual resources that offer reliable information presented in attractive and plain language so as to make the phenomenon of climate crisis accessible and easy to understand on the part of different segments of societies abound, the availability and accessibility of these resources in Turkish are very limited. To address these needs, the Climate Crisis Awareness Resources Database Project aims, firstly, to create a pilot database by way of bringing together verbal, visual, and audial resources that explain the reasons and consequences of climate crisis, future projections, suggestions for problem-solving, and existing practices toward the solution and making them accessible in the Turkish language. Secondly, the pilot project also aims to publish this data on the sustainability website of the university: eko.kapadokya.edu.tr. The database will be available on a project website which will be created, updated and sustained during the potential next stages of the project work. In the next stages of the project, the materials created during the project will not only be available on the project website, but will also be proposed to Cappadocia University Publications to be published as an open access e-book.

2. Reliable Energy Generation Project with High Energy Efficiency and Low Emission Values by Taking Advantage of the Rock Space Heat Potential of the Cappadocia, June 7, 2021- (18 months)

The heat pump is a system that carries the energy in nature (soil, air or water) into the building as heat by consuming very little energy or cools the building by doing the opposite. The energy consumption remains very low compared to the energy received. For 1 kW energy expenditure, 4-6 times more energy can be obtained according to the source used. Heat pumps are systems that work with the principle of heating the environment by taking the heat of 3 different environments (air, water and soil) and taking advantage of the fact that these 3 environments have higher temperatures than the outside air temperature. The aim of this study is to reveal that in addition to these 3 sources, rock spaces can also be used as a heat source by making use of the fact that rock spaces are much hotter in summer and winter than outside. For example, a ground source heat pump can be made by taking the energy from the ground; Air Source is the application of the use of energy in the air. The biggest difference is that the COP value of the air source heat pump changes with the weather conditions. Therefore, energy efficiency analysis should be done very well. Today’s air source heat pumps can operate even at -20°C but operating at -20°C for a long time may cause excessive energy consumption. They do not affect annual energy consumption in short-term reductions. The capacities of air source heat pumps decrease as the air temperature decreases. In other words, the minimum air temperature should be taken as a basis in the selection. In the project, the effect of a heat pump outdoor unit to be placed in a rock-hewn space will be measured compared to a heat pump outdoor unit to be placed in an outdoor space (Figure 1). By making use of the heat holding ability of the rock structure, the heating time of a certain volume, the heating/cooling cost and the carbon monoxide level produced will present the project outputs concretely. According to the report of the Energy Efficiency Council [EEC[ (2021)], it is stated that the heat pump can produce 10-15 times more energy than the energy consumed by the compressor that draws the most power in the system. Today, this rate is 6 times in heat pumps used in homes. If this energy is produced from renewable energy sources, energy efficiency can decrease at much higher rates (Alan Pears and Geoff Andrews, 2016).

3. Determination of the Inventory for the Sustainability Performance of Turkish Tourism and Suggestions for Increasing the Sustainability Performance, March 1, 2021 – (3 months)

Establishing an inventory of positive efforts, practices, processes and methods in the title of sustainability in country tourism, to be used in marketing studies for international and domestic markets carried out by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism through TGA (Tourism Promotion and Development Agency) and to create a micro site content, and The aim of the project is to present innovative ideas that can shape future steps in this regard and application and development proposals that can be benchmarked.

4. Synthesis and Characterization of New Ecofriendly Materials, October 19, 2020 – (36 months)

Project Manager: Prof. Dr. Baki Hazer

In this research project, new ecofriendly polymers based on biodegradable and natural polymers will be prepared. Autoxidation is a reaction between vegetable oils and air oxygen and causes rancidity of the unsaturated oils. The synthesis of novel tannin-functionalized polypropylene copolymers will be designed to inhibit the oxidation of vegetable oils for potential use as packaging materials. For this purpose, chlorinated polypropylene will be reacted with tannic acid to prepare a series of tannic acid grafted copolymers. Autoxidation of the vegetable oil (ca. linseed oil, linoleic acid) on the new obtained graft copolymer films will be compared with that of the glass petri dish. Oxidation will cause the oligomerization and viscosity will increase. Then the flow times of oxidized vegetable oil will be measured using a capillary viscometer. Additionally, new menthol, salicylic acid and some alkaloid grafted polypropylene and/or polyvinyl chloride copolymers will be synthesized in order to study antioxidant effect. Furthermore, new biodegradable packaging materials will be synthesized from natural polyesters and characterized via physicochemical, optical and mechanical techniques.

5. Agriculture Implementation with Unmanned Air Vehicle (UAV), March 1, 2019 – (36 months)

The agricultural sector contributes to the feeding of the population of the country, increasing the employment, self-sufficiency of our country, meeting the raw material needs of the industrial sector and transferring capital to the industry. Due to these contributions, the agricultural sector is very important for our social development and economic development. Since the production in the agricultural sector depends on the nature conditions, the uncertainty in production quantity, quality and efficiency is very high. The production periods of agricultural products are longer than other sectors and they are concentrated in certain times. Due to these uncertainties; it is very important to reduce the effect of natura! factors in production and to fight plant diseases and pests quickly and effectively.

6. Synthesis of some novel ecofriendly block/graft copolymers from renewable resources , December 1, 2018 – (24 months)

Some microorganisms accumulate poly(3-hydroxy alkanoic acid) (PHA) into their cell as energy reserve material from carbon sources.  Regarding pendant groups, PHA can be classified in three types: short chain length (scl) PHA, medium chain length (mcl) PHA and long chain length (lcl) PHA. 2-8 Because of their biodegradability and biocompatibility, PHAs are widely used in industrial and medical industry. However, their high hydrophobicity, limited mechanical and thermal properties make PHAs to be modified. In this work, we plan to synthesis some novel Poly (3-hydroxy butyrate), PHB, derivatives. In this manner, multi hydroxylated PHB-derivative (PHB-DEA) will be obtained by the reaction between carboxylic acid terminal and the diethanol amine. Some more novel derivatives of PHB will be obtained by the reaction between PHB-DEA and some reagents with carboxylic acid functionalities. Among them, the tri thio carbonate, 2-(dodecyl thio carbonothioylthio)-2-methylpropionic acid for reversible addition fragmentation termination, RAFT, polymerization of N-isopropyl acryl amide, NIPAM. Iodo benzoic acid for the preparation of PHB radiopaque conjugate. 2-Br isobutyric acid for the preparation PHB-macro initiator for atom transfer radical polymerization of some vinyl monomers. Hydroxyl-ends of PHB-DEA can initiate ring opening polymerization of e-caprolactone in order to obtain PHB-b-PCL thermoplastic biodegradable copolymers. Physicochemical characterization of the newly obtain block/graft copolymers will be characterized by 1H NMR, swelling properties, fractional precipitation, mechanical properties and thermal analysis. Novel biodegradable, biocompatible, amphiphilic, thermoplastic and/or thermoresponsive biopolymers based on PHB will be obtained by this way for medical and industrial application.